KOREA 9 3 2 1

It's known as "The Forgotten War", but all Americans should learn about it and remember it ... and that's where you can help. You have been asked to develop a "Korea 9 3 2 1" webpage to cover the basic information everyone should know about the Korean War - all on one page. Your page should include ...

9 - facts about the causes, events, and impact of the Korean War (look at my examples below)
3 - photos that help tell the story of the war, with descriptive captions
2 - maps that help to explain the war.
1 - quote that is essential to understanding the war, with authors and context




9-
Come up with 9 great facts that everyone should know about "The Forgotten War", using the examples below as guides. I will have my own list that will use to compare to yours - hopefully you will ge most of the facts on my list!

The 3 year long Korean War began in 1950 when communist North Korea invaded democratic and US supported South Korea, pulling the United Nations into a peacekeeping effort in Asia. (ooooh, that's good - so good)

1.)
After WWII, the U.S. (South) and the Soviet Union (North) split Korea along the 38th parallel. With the stalemate/cease-fire end to the war, Korea would remain divided at the 38th parallel as it had begun.
2.) At the start of the war in June of 1950, the North Korean forces went on the offensive and took the South Korean capitol, Soeul, then continued on to occupy most of South Korea, and pushed the South Koreans back almost all the way to Pusan, the southeastern tip of the Korean penninsula.
3.)
On, September 15, 1950, Gen. MacArthur carried out the Inchon landing plan, succeeded in taking Inchon, Korea's second largest port 15 miles west of Seoul (the SK Capital); The success cut off the KPA(Korean Peoples' Army) supply line to forces on the Pusan perimeter and was a major psychological and political blow to the North Koreans.
4)
After the Ichon Campaign, the Truman administration debated wether or not to let MacArthur cross the 38th parallel, which could trigger China, the Soviet Union, or both into direct intervention. The decision was to stay south of the 38th parallel and take the defensive if Chinese or Soviet forces entered the war,
5) October 7, 1950, U.S. forces pushed on to North Korea, disregarding warnings from from China of attack if they were to cross over to North Korea, and sure enough the Chinese intervened causing the United Nations Command forces to loose Seoul for a second time.
6) As the Chinese Communist Troops attacked accross the Yalu river, (where the US forces had been pushing toward), they drove the UN troops back to South Korea where fighting along the border ensued. By 1951 along the 38th parallel, both sides were deadlocked.
7) MacArthur wanted to call for air strikes, blockades, and bombing against the Chinese (specifically to destroy the bridges over the Yalu River), but Truman refused, worried that the Soviet Union would join the war, causing another world war. MacArthur's unwillingness to accept his decision brought public criticism to Truman's orders eventually led to Truman firing MacArthur.
8)
The war became very unpopular as it continued on and in early 1951, talk of truce began between the US and the Soviet Union. These talks of coming to a compromise lasted for two years, through the 1952 election in which Truman wasn't even nominated by his party. Eisenhower promised to end the war quickly, and he won the election by a landslide,
9) The combat ended with a cease fire in July of 1953; Korea was left as it had started, communism contained. America was frustrated by the little difference made and the indicisicive ending. The war would lead to increased hatred and fear of communsim among Americans. Another impact of the Korean War was the change in role of the US and UN- this was the first of many military interventions for the UN, and after this the US would want and try to remain commited to a containment policy o fstopping the spread of communism.


3 - Photos should help tell the story of the war, so find three photos that work ... and provide a descriptive caption, like the one on my example
korean67.gif
korean67.gif

Many people think that the Korean War was fought in tropical weather, but the winters in Korea are actually bitter and challenging for the troops.
Picture from National Archives and Records Administration
293764w.jpg
June 9, 1951 this Korean girl tiredly walks in Haengju, Korea with her brother on her back. She is next to a M-26 tank. The Korean war created many desperate refugees, and left many children homeless and/or orphaned. She is wearing a hanbok.

National Archives

inchon_landing.jpg
Pictured at left, 1st division marines climb over the sea wall as part of the Inchon Landing plan. Inchon was an important port for the South Koreans, and it was only 15 miles away from Soeul, the capitol General MacAthur intended and was going to regain.

National Archives
korean_war_casualties.jpg
A corpsaman fills out casualty tags as a man grieves the loss of a fellow infantryman. An estimated 54,000 Americans died in the Korean War.

National Archives
---- 2- What's a war without maps? Insert two maps that help tell the story of the causes, events, and/or impact of the map (with a caption for each) ----
map.gif
This map depicts major attacks and battles with the dates during the Korean war, such as Ichon Landing where the U.S. gained control of Ichon and pushed back North Korea. The map has the UN offensive, North Korean Invasion, and the Chinese intervention/offensive outlined with arrows. The map also shows the 38th parallel where the Korean war began and ended.


lrg_koreawar_colormap.gif

This map shows the farthest advancements of both the North and South Koreans, including the Pusan perimiter and the UN troop line as they apporoached the Yalta River.The map above also shows the 38th paralell, wehere Nroth and South Korea were divided at both the beginning and end of the war.
1You know historical quotes can bring old crusty things to life, so find one decent quote that helps add to the content of the Korean War (and provide some context for the quotes). For example ...
"The attack upon Korea makes it plain beyond all doubt that Communism has passed beyond the use of subversion to conquer independent nations and will now use armed invasion and war."

"In my generation, this was not the first occasion when the strong had attacked the weak….Communism was acting in Korea just as Hitler, Mussolini, and the Japanese had acted ten, fifteen, and twenty years earlier. I felt certain that if South Korea was allowed to fall, Communist leaders would be emboldened to override nations closer to our own shores." -Truman

Extra Quote Just For Fun!
"I can almost hear the ticking of the second hand of destiny. We must act now or we will die. . . . We shall land at Inchon, and I shall crush them."
-MacArthur on Inchon Landing